Hradcany, on the hill above
the west bank, is where the dominant feature of the
city - the extensive complex of Prague Castle -
stands. This is the historical seat of Czech rulers.
Town) was originally a settlement around
the castle, and later grew into an imposing quarter
of splendid Baroque palaces, churches and gardens.
Its centre is Malostranske namesti (Lesser Town
The historical nucleus of the right-bank part of
Prague is Stare Mesto (Old Town). Its narrow and
sinuous streets still evoke a medieval atmosphere.
The Old Town streets lead to Staromestske Namesti
(Old Town Square) with many remarkable historical
buildings, and the world famous Astronomical Clock.
The neighbouring quarter,
Josefov, is an area of Jewish monuments
of European significance: the Old Jewish Cemetery
and the Old-New Synagogue.
Nove Mesto (New Town) was
built in the 14th century southwest of Stare Mesto,
with Vaclavske namesti (Vaclav Square) in its